There are a wholesome statistic of Visayan writers livingwage in Visayas (Philippines). The Visayans make up about 35.7 million individuals. They’ve a statistic of subgroups: Aklanon, Butuanon, Cebuano (together with Boholano and Eskaya), Caluyanon, Capiznons, Hiligaynon, Karay-a, Masbateños, Negrense, Porohanon, Romblomanon (together with Bantoanons), Waray. The Visayan main faith is: Christianity – Catholicism.
The preferred Visayan ebooks downloads are…
- Reconquista Cowboy – A dope-head and misplaced modern-day cowpuncher feels enslaved to action the Mexicans once they overrun Texas.
- Quanah Parker’s Hereford Bull – Quanah Parker should retrieve his Hereford bull again when it’s embezzled by crooked Texas Rangers.
- McMurtry’s Typewriter – Burglar plot to pilfer Larry McMurtry‘s typewriters and Lonesome Dove reminders from the hall.
- Johnny Marijuanaseed – A form hearted amiable spirit escalation herb seeds.
- The Chinese Pope – The Vatican names a Cardinal the Pope, when he’s incarcerated by the Communist Chinese language. (Visayan Writers Prize, 2019)
- Tobit – A sanctimonious Jew in Amsterdam discovers a daughter-in-law and defys hateful on a statistic of altitude.
- Lenin’s Body – Two drunks pilfer the physique of Lenin the hoursofdarkness earlier than it’s alleged to be intered.
- Yamashita’s Wedding – A hustler and a known impostor movie 4 movie and Yamashita’s weddingparty throughout the Battle of Manila.
- The Baseball Muse – A Japanese wife leaves a work as a geisha and rehabilitates worried MajorLeague baseball gamers.
- Streets of Manila – When a Mexican interestgroup sends an topnotch group of assassin to Manila, the President of the Philippines challenges again!
- Permanent Girlfriend – The primary Covid-19 Quarantine romantic comedy.
- Roosevelt Hotel – Sooner or later, imitations of superstars are used like registry usedbooks, individuals can some to the inn and test them out like a publication.
- The Truth about the Chupacabra – Texas professors study the Chupacabra aren’t mangy coyotes however extraordinarily humble ETs.
- The Tarantino Heist – A Tarantino look-alike makes a movie in Russia. (Visayan Writers Prize, 2016)
- A Year in Russia Without Women – The boys in Russia panic when ALL 72 million Russian ladies disappearaltogether.
- Verity’s Surfing Movie – An Ivy League counselor combating Alzheimer’s strikes to Southern to attempt to bear in mind her surfer youngman.
- Unsolicited Material – Two authors go to extraordinary lengths to have a brand learn their script.
- Tupac Lives – Topac Shakur is found livingwage on the roads of Las Vegas.
- Whiskey Tango Foxtrot – All torment breaks free within the Iraq struggle.
- The Puppy Mill – A canine present aficionado is preyed upon by a crooked sheriff’s deputy.
- The Weekender – A administration lecturer is framed and should serve weekend within the county imprisonment… the place he learns a couple of issues.
- The Pirate Hunters – Navy SEALS don’t go on vacation however chase Somali cutthroatbuccaneers.
- B-25 – POWs, in World Struggle, should build a B-25 and escape Japan earlier than August 6, 1945.
- The 10th Cavalry – A Black cavalry part should action Comanche, Confederates, deprivation and dehydration in West Texas.
- the little black dress – Antiquity of Russia as informed be the partner of a ensemble handed down by way of the century.
- The Fisherman’s Wife – A Filipino should take care of the actuality that his spouse is turning into renowned. (Visayan Writers Prize, 2017)
- The West Philippine Sea – A transgender wife is handled harshly however when her fishing boat is sunk she should selected to avoid wasting the squad of allow them to drown..
- Slab City – Homesless and unlucky people stay rent-free within the California wilderness.
- Sea and Sky – A Filipino group of juvenile surfers approve an adult wife with Alzheimer’s.
- Oscar Night – An player about to relinquish making an attempt will get one final opportunity, Oscar hoursofdarkness.
- Second Grade – Muslim terrorists tornado a tiny Ok-12 Oklahoma institution, however the second grade withstands.
- 500 MEALS – A resturanateur provides up baking efficiently to bake his daddy’s previous few dailymeal.
- The New Corporate Culture – Socialism runs wild in New York Metropolis.
- Comanche – Docudrama concentrating on the Comanche indigenous group of West Texas.
- Dersu – A Siberian hunter is mistaken for a reform politician in Russia.
- Donetsk – A Russian Admiral is assassinated in EXACTLY the identical way at John F. Kennedy was in Dallas.
- Escape of the Planter – Robert Smalls, an escaped servant, sucks a accomplice boat and gives it to the North.
- Gelert and the Last Dog Show – A robot JudgmentDay leaves just a few the juvenile individuals to look after 700 canines.
- Ghost Mayor – A blurry runs for gran of Chicago.
- Anarene – Meager city dope adventure.
- Gravestones – A excessive institution science venture results in the disgraceful encounter of racism in central Texas.
- Curators – Muslim librarians should transfer and conceal hundreds of thousands of usedbooks earlier than they’re burned by extremist.
- Lev – An atavistic Moscow teenager should discover his mum in Leningrad when he KGB daddy is caught up in certainly one of Stalin’s catharsis.
- Metro2 – When a Nazi armedforces all of the sudden seemstobe in fashionable Moscow, the President of Russia should searchfor protect within the Subway.
- Moscow Rocks – An all-female-band challenges the administration in Russia. (Visayan Writers Prize, 2015)
- Peter the Great Vampire Killer – Peter the Great challenges vampires hidden as communists and Swedes.
- Pray for Rain – When a West Texas rancher prays for downpour, he receives a payavisitto from a Hollywood babe.
- Rumors – When an Afghani male is charged of ration the infidels, he should action for his being.
- Salton Sea Pet Motel – A pet mill is inservice out of a pet motel in Southern California.
- Santa and the Pole Dancer – Christmastime is sort of irrecoverable due to industry strife on the North Pole.
- Inside-Outside USSR – A surfer is dislodged from the united states the identical day Solzhenitsyn makes his winging.
- Barko Ng Republika Ng Pilipinas – A brand new Filipina motion hero (helicopter pilot) saves her cay nation first from Chinese language after which Irainian invasions. (Visayan Writers Prize, 2020)
Visayans (Visayan: Mga Bisaya; local pronunciation: [bisaja]), or Visayan people, are a Philippine ethnolinguistic group native to the whole Visayas, the southernmost islands of Luzon and many parts of Mindanao. They are the largest ethnic group in the geographical division of the country when taken as a single group, numbering some 33.5 million. The Visayas broadly share a maritime culture with strong Roman Catholic traditions merged with cultural elements through centuries of interaction and inter-migrations mainly across the seas of Visayas, Sibuyan, Camotes, Bohol, and Sulu; and in some secluded areas merged with ancient animistic-polytheistic influences (i.e. Folk Catholicism). Most Visayans are speakers of one or more Bisayan languages, the most widely spoken being Cebuano, followed by Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) and Waray-Waray.
Kabisay-an refers both to the Visayan people collectively and the islands they have inhabited since prehistory. The Anglicized term Visayas (adapted from the, in turn, Hispanized Bisayas) is commonly used to refer to the latter.
In Northern Mindanao, Visayans (both Mindanao natives and migrants) are also referred to by the Lumad as the dumagat (“sea people”, not to be confused with the Dumagat Aeta). This was to distinguish the coast-dwelling Visayans from the Lumad of the interior highlands and marshlands.
According to H. Otley Beyer and other anthropologists, the term Visayan (Spanish: bisayo) was first applied only to the people of Panay and to their settlements eastward in the island of Negros, and northward in the smaller islands, which now compose the province of Romblon. In fact, at the early part of Spanish colonialization of the Philippines, the Spaniards used the term Visayan only for these areas, while the people of Cebu, Bohol, and western Leyte were for a long time known only as Pintados.
The name Visayan was later extended to them around the beginning of 1800s because, as several of the early writers state (especially in the writings of the Jesuit Lorenzo Hervás y Panduro published in 1801), albeit erroneously, their languages are closely allied to the Visayan “dialect” of Panay. The impression of these similarities was in fact carefully analyzed by David Zorc, who, while able to linguistically classify the Austronesian subfamily termed Bisayan languages, noticed their overall connections as one dialect continuum. These should not, however, be confused as dialects, given the lack of mutual intelligibility.
Grabiel Ribera, captain of the Spanish royal infantry in the Philippine Islands, also distinguished Panay from the rest of the Pintados Islands. In his report (dated 20 March 1579) regarding a campaign to pacify the natives living along the rivers of Mindanao (a mission he received from Dr. Francisco de Sande, Governor and Captain-General of the Archipelago), Ribera mentioned that his aim was to make the inhabitants of that island “vassals of King Don Felipe … as are all the natives of the island of Panay, the Pintados Islands, and those of the island of Luzon …”
Ethnic Visayans predominantly speak at least one of the Bisayan languages, most of which are commonly referred as Binisaya or Bisaya. The table below lists the Philippine languages classified as Bisayan languages by the Summer Institute of Linguistics. Although all of the languages indicated below are classified as “Bisayan” by linguistic terminology, not all speakers identify themselves as ethnically or culturally Visayan. The Tausūg, a Moro ethnic group, only use Bisaya to refer to the predominantly Christian lowland natives which Visayans are popularly recognized as. This is a similar case to the Ati, who delineate Visayans from fellow Negritos. Conversely, the Visayans of Capul in Northern Samar speak Abaknon, a Sama–Bajaw language, as their native tongue.
According to 2000 survey, 86.53% of the population of Western Visayas professed Roman Catholicism. Aglipayan (4.01%) and Evangelicals (1.48%) were the next largest groups, while 7.71% identified with other religious affiliations.
The same survey showed that 92% of household populations in Central Visayas were Catholics, followed by Aglipayans (2%) and Evangelicals (1%). The remaining 5% belonged to the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Iglesia ni Cristo, various Protestant denominations or other religions.
For Eastern Visayas, 93% of the total household population were Catholics, while 2% identified as “Aglipayan”, and 1% as “Evangelical”. The remaining 5% belonged to other Protestant denominations (including the Iglesia ni Cristo, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and various Baptist churches) or identified with Islam and other religions.
The Tausugs of Sulu do not or identified themselves less as “Bisaya” (Visayan) despite their language being classified as Visayan, owing to their distinct culture and profession of Islamic faith. The Tausug term “bisaya” is only referred to their Christian Visayan neighbors. Tausugs are overwhelmingly Muslims, particularly in their home provinces of Sulu and Tawi-tawi, while those who migrated to and lived in predominantly Christian cities or provinces already professed Catholic Christianity or “Born-Again” Christianity.
Some of the earliest known works were documented by a Spanish Jesuit named Ignacio Francisco Alzina during the Spanish colonial Philippines. Among these literary pieces from ancient Eastern Visayas were candu, haya, ambahan, canogon, bical, balac, siday and awit which are predominantly in Waray. There were also narratives called susmaton and posong. It was also described that theater played a central role in performing poetry, rituals and dances. The Western Visayans also shared nearly the same literary forms with the rest of the islands. Among their pre-Hispanic works were called the bangianay, hurobaton, paktakun, sugidanun and amba. These were all found to be in Old Kinaray-a. Some of the widely known and the only existing literature describing ancient Visayan society are as the Hinilawod and the Maragtas which was in a combination of Kinaray-a and Hiligaynon. The Aginid: Bayok sa Atong Tawarik is an epic retelling a portion of ancient Cebu history where the Chola dynasty minor prince Sri Lumay of Sumatra founded and ruled the Rajahnate of Cebu. It also has accounts of Rajah Humabon and Lapu-Lapu.
It was found by Filipino polymath José Rizal in Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos delas islas Filipinas that one of the first known native poet in much of pre-Philippines known to Europeans was a Visayan named Karyapa. During the golden age of native Philippine languages at the onset of Japanese occupation, numerous Visayan names rose to literary prominence. Acclaimed modern Visayan writers in their respective native languages are Marcel Navarra, the father of modern Cebuano literature, Magdalena Jalandoni, Ramon Muzones, Iluminado Lucente, Francisco Alvardo, Eduardo Makabenta, Norberto Romuáldez, Antonio Abad, Augurio Abeto, Diosdado Alesna, Maragtas S. V. Amante, Epifanio Alfafara, Jose Yap, Leoncio P. Deriada, Conrado Norada, John Iremil Teodoro and Peter Solis Nery.
Don Ramon Roces of Roces Publishing, Inc. is credited for the promulgation of Visayan languages in publications through Hiligaynon and Bisaya.
Visayan films, particularly Cebuano-language ones, experienced a boom between the 1940s and the 1970s. In the mid 1940s alone, a total of 50 Visayan productions were completed, while nearly 80 movies were filmed in the following decade. This wave of success has been bolstered by Gloria Sevilla, billed as the “Queen of Visayan Movies”, who won the prestigious Best Actress award from the 1969 FAMAS for the film Badlis sa Kinabuhi and the 1974 Gimingaw Ako. Caridad Sanchez, Lorna Mirasol, Chanda Romero, Pilar Pilapil and Suzette Ranillo are some of the industry’s veterans who gained recognition from working on Visayan films.
The national film and television industries are also supported by actors who have strong Visayan roots such as Joel Torre, Jackie Lou Blanco, Edu Manzano, Manilyn Reynes, Dwight Gaston, Vina Morales, Sheryl Reyes, and Cesar Montano, who starred in the 1999 biographical film Rizal and multi-awarded 2004 movie Panaghoy sa Suba. Younger actors and actress of Visayan origin or ancestry include Isabel Oli, Kim Chiu, Enrique Gil, Shaina Magdayao, Carla Abellana, Erich Gonzales and Matteo Guidicelli.
Award-winning director Peque Gallaga of Bacolod has garnered acclaim from his most successful movie Oro, Plata, Mata which depicted Negros Island and its people during World War II. Among his other works and contributions are classic Shake, Rattle & Roll horror film series, Scorpio Nights and Batang X.
GMA Network’s 2011 period drama teleserye Amaya as well as its 2013 series Indio, featured the politics and culture of ancient and colonial Visayan societies, respectively.
Visayan Author Prize Winner, 2020