There are a wholesome total of Friulian writers livelihood in Friuli (Italy). The Friulians make up about 0.6 million individuals. They’ve a total of subgroups: . The Friulian major faith is: Christianity – Catholicism.
The most well-liked Friulian ebooks downloads are…
- Reconquista Cowboy – A dopper and misplaced modern-day vaquero feels duty-bound to brawl the Mexicans after they penetrate Texas.
- Quanah Parker’s Hereford Bull – Quanah Parker should produce his Hereford bull again when it’s pinched by untrustworthy Texas Rangers.
- McMurtry’s Typewriter – Robber plot to embezzle Larry McMurtry‘s typewriters and Lonesome Dove reminders from the building.
- Johnny Marijuanaseed – A sort hearted cool courage increase hashish seeds.
- The Chinese Pope – The Vatican names a Cardinal the Pope, when he’s incarcerated by the Communist Chinese language. (Friulian Writers Prize, 2019)
- Tobit – A priestly Jew in Amsterdam discovers a daughter-in-law and meets nefarious on a total of height.
- Lenin’s Body – Two drunks embezzle the physique of Lenin the hoursofdarkness earlier than it’s purported to be entombed.
- Yamashita’s Wedding – A swindler and a known hypocrite movie 4 movie and Yamashita’s marriageevent through the Battle of Manila.
- The Baseball Muse – A Japanese wife leaves a job as a geisha and rehabilitates concerned MajorLeague baseball gamers.
- Streets of Manila – When a Mexican lobby sends an professional group of gunman to Manila, the President of the Philippines challenges again!
- Permanent Girlfriend – The primary Covid-19 Quarantine romantic comedy.
- Roosevelt Hotel – Sooner or later, imitations of superstars are used like collection usedbooks, individuals can some to the theaccommodation and verify them out like a essay.
- The Truth about the Chupacabra – Texas professors be taught the Chupacabra aren’t mangy coyotes however extraordinarily fearful ETs.
- The Tarantino Heist – A Tarantino look-alike makes a movie in Russia. (Friulian Writers Prize, 2016)
- A Year in Russia Without Women – The boys in Russia panic when ALL 72 million Russian ladies fadeaway.
- Verity’s Surfing Movie – An Ivy League tutor combating Alzheimer’s strikes to Southern to attempt to bear in mind her surfer youngman.
- Unsolicited Material – Two authors go to extraordinary lengths to have a creator learn their script.
- Tupac Lives – Topac Shakur is found livelihood on the roadways of Las Vegas.
- Whiskey Tango Foxtrot – All torment breaks unfastened within the Iraq conflict.
- The Puppy Mill – A canine present fan is preyed upon by a untrustworthy sheriff’s deputy.
- The Weekender – A authority professor is framed and should serve weekend within the county prison… the place he learns a number of issues.
- The Pirate Hunters – Navy SEALS don’t go on vacation however chase Somali scalywags.
- B-25 – POWs, in World Conflict, should build a B-25 and escape Japan earlier than August 6, 1945.
- The 10th Cavalry – A Black cavalry part should brawl Comanche, Confederates, deprivation and dehydration in West Texas.
- the little black dress – Ancienttimes of Russia as advised be the heiress of a apparel handed down by way of the century.
- The Fisherman’s Wife – A Filipino should take care of the realism that his companion is turning into renowned. (Friulian Writers Prize, 2017)
- The West Philippine Sea – A transgender wife is handled harshly however when her fishing boat is sunk she should selected to avoid wasting the workers of allow them to drown..
- Slab City – Homesless and untoward people stay rent-free within the California wilderness.
- Sea and Sky – A Filipino group of adolescent surfers assume an adult wife with Alzheimer’s.
- Oscar Night – An star about to renounce making an attempt will get one final opportunity, Oscar hoursofdarkness.
- Second Grade – Muslim terrorists weatherevent a diminutive Okay-12 Oklahoma highschool, however the second grade avoids.
- 500 MEALS – A resturanateur offers up cookingfood capably to heat his biologicalfather’s previous couple of dailymeal.
- The New Corporate Culture – Socialism runs wild in New York Metropolis.
- Comanche – Docudrama concentrating on the Comanche original group of West Texas.
- Dersu – A Siberian hunter is mistaken for a reform politician in Russia.
- Donetsk – A Russian Admiral is assassinated in EXACTLY the identical way at John F. Kennedy was in Dallas.
- Escape of the Planter – Robert Smalls, an escaped servant, bargains a accomplice boat and gives it to the North.
- Gelert and the Last Dog Show – A automaton endoftheworld leaves just a few the adolescent individuals to look after 700 k-9s.
- Ghost Mayor – A blurry runs for gran of Chicago.
- Anarene – Miniature city dope adventure.
- Gravestones – A excessive highschool science venture results in the dreadful detection of racism in central Texas.
- Curators – Muslim librarians should transfer and conceal hundreds of thousands of usedbooks earlier than they’re burned by fanatic.
- Lev – An pietistic Moscow youngman should discover his woman in Leningrad when he KGB biologicalfather is caught up in certainly one of Stalin’s expulsion.
- Metro2 – When a Nazi defenseforce instantly wouldseem in modern Moscow, the President of Russia should trytofind dogshelter within the Subway.
- Moscow Rocks – An all-female-band challenges the authority in Russia. (Friulian Writers Prize, 2015)
- Peter the Great Vampire Killer – Peter the Great challenges vampires hidden as communists and Swedes.
- Pray for Rain – When a West Texas rancher prays for precipitation, he receives a payavisitto from a Hollywood babe.
- Rumors – When an Afghani male is arrested of serving the infidels, he should brawl for his ofalltime.
- Salton Sea Pet Motel – A pet mill is inservice out of a pet motel in Southern California.
- Santa and the Pole Dancer – Merry is nearly lost due to work conflict on the North Pole.
- Inside-Outside USSR – A surfer is removed from the us the identical day Solzhenitsyn makes his soaring.
- Barko Ng Republika Ng Pilipinas – A brand new Filipina motion hero (helicopter pilot) saves her cay nation first from Chinese language after which Irainian invasions. (Friulian Writers Prize, 2020)
Friulian literature is the literature of the autonomous Italian region of Friuli, written in the local Friulian language. Readers be aware that there is an alternative spelling for the adjective derived from Friuli: friulan, as influenced by the Veneto dialect form ‘furlan’. The printed example of this is the Friulan Dictionary: English-Friulan, Friulan-English. edited by Gianni Nazzi & Deborah Saidero and published by Ent Friul tal Mond, 2000.
Even if the first poems in Friulian date from the 14th century (anonymous works written in Cividale such as Piruç myò doç inculurit and Soneto furlan, close to the Italian poetic movement Dolce Stil Novo), the birth of a full flavoured Friulian literature dates back only to the 19th century, when Friuli, after the Congress of Vienna, fell entirely under the control of the Austrian empire. This late flourishing had several causes: first, the language of the culture and administration had never been Friulian, but Latin and partly German under the Patriarchal State of Aquileia and Italian, mixed with Venetian under the Serenissima rule. Moreover, Friuli never saw the formation of a literate bourgeoisie that could have fostered the language, in order to have a literary development similar to other European languages. During the 16th century for example, there were only limited poetic forms in Friulian inspired by the works of Francesco Petrarca, including the poems of Nicolò Morlupino from Venzone (1528-1570) and Girolamo Biancone from Tolmezzo (1515-1580). Also, until 1800 there were no printed works in Friulian, so the diffusion of poetry and other works was restricted to a small number of persons.
During this period, the most important Friulian authors were Eusebi Stele (Eusebio Stella) of Spilimbergo (1602-1671), born to a noble family, who composed poems in a playful and ironic style about his life and love adventures; and the count Ermes di Colorêt (1622-1692), notable mainly for his use of the koinè from Udine, that would become the most notable literary language and the basis of today’s standard Friulian. Ermes was educated at Medici’s court in Florence, then took part in the Thirty Years’ War, worked in the service of the Venetian Republic and Leopold I of Habsburg; in the last part of his life he returned to his homeland to focus on writing poetry, most of which centers on the theme of love.
This century was undoubtedly poor in the development of Friulian literature, probably due to the increasing influence of Venetian language in the city of Udine. Noteworthy, though, was the publication of the first Friulian almanac (strolic or lunari in Friulian) in 1742. The almanac contained short stories, poems and agricultural advice, with an item for each day of the year; these kinds of works would be very popular in the following centuries.
The first half of the century was similar to the previous one. The primary Friulian author of the 19th century, and today probably the best known in all of Friulian literature, was Pieri Çorut (Pietro Zorutti, 1792–1867). Çorut’s poetry was plain, far removed from the popular romanticism of the period; he devoted himself mainly to the almanacs, called Strolic furlans, published yearly from 1821 until 1867. His most famous work is Plovisine, composed in 1833. Çorut enjoyed great popularity in Friuli during his life and many tried to imitate his style. Today he is respected mainly for his usage of Central Friulian, which he sought to elevate to a literary language. Another author of almanacs was Antoni Broili (1796–1876), who achieved better results from the literary point of view.
In the second half of the century, the city of Gorizia was generally more vivacious than that of Udine; there was a different feeling of “Friulanity,” and the environment was mitteleuropean, since the city (part of the county of Gorizia and Gradisca) was under the rule of Austro-Hungarian empire, while Udine was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866. In Gorizia, many tried to use the Friulian language in different fields, such as the applied sciences, with good results; one example from the period is the almanac Il me paîs. Strenna popolâr pal 1855 by Federico de Comelli of Gradisca (1826-1892). Carlo Favetti from Gorizia also published several books of poetry and plays in the local Friulian dialect.
An important literary event, although very late in comparison to other European languages, was the publication of the first Friulian vocabulary, composed by abbot Jacopo Pirona and his nephew Giulio Andrea (1871), which is still a valuable language resource today. In 1873, Graziadio Isaia Ascoli published an analysis of Friulian. Ascoli started the so-called Questione Ladina.
Also deserving of mention is Caterina Percoto, who has an important role in Italian literature of this century, but who left only a few works in Friulian, mainly regarding popular traditions.
At the beginning of 1900 Friuli seemed far from the numerous avant-gardes of the period, at least in part due to its difficult historical situation; the regional request for autonomy received no response from the Italian authorities, and in 1933 the fascist regime prohibited any publications in Friulian. The most important authors of this time were Vittorio Cadel of Fanna (1884-1917), who composed poems with a sensual background, concealing a deep feeling of sadness and discouragement; Ercole Carletti (1877-1946) of Udine, author of poems in a style close to Italian crepuscolarismo; and Celso Cescutti. A rare example of political and civil themes can be found in Giovanni Minut’s Rimis furlanis (1921). Minut, born in Visco in 1895, was forced to flee to Uruguay when the fascists came to power; he died there in 1967.
In the area of Gorizia, Delfo Zorzut of Cormons composed various collections of short stories (La furlane, Sturiutis furlanis) and gathered many popular legends and traditions, useful to keep alive an interest in the language.
But the most important Friulian work of the 20th century was the Academiuta di lenga furlana, founded by Pier Paolo Pasolini. Pasolini collected a group of writers in order to go beyond the old poetry inspired by Pieri Çorut’s works, which was still imitated, to create a new and modern Friulian poetry. Other noteworthy figures in the movement include Domenico Naldini (Pasolini’s cousin) and Riccardo Castellani. Neither, however, reached the poetical heights of their leader. Their works were in the Concordiese dialect of Friulian, in polemic with the use of Central Friulian as the only literary standard.
Other developments after World War II included the lyrical works of Franco de Gironcoli, from Gorizia. Gironcoli studied and analysed poems from Ermes di Colorêt and the Pirona vocabulary, and from 1944 on he composed several short lyrics, dedicated mainly to the flowing of time.
Josef Marchet, a priest, began the difficult work of promoting and standardizing the language; he tried to arrange a Friulian grammatic in Lineamenti di grammatica friulana, with the purpose of developing a standard variant of the language. In 1950 he also published the collection Risultive, wherein were gathered the works of several interesting Friulian poets of the time (including Novella Cantarutti from Spilimbergo; Dino Virgili, composer of the novel L’aghe dapit la cleve; and Lelo Cjanton (Aurelio Cantoni)).
1971 saw the publication of a translation with the title Prime di sere of the novel Il vento nel vigneto, written in Italian by the Friulian writer Carlo Sgorlon, which enjoyed a good success.
While poets and song writers in Friuli continue to keep the language alive, Friulan has been used in Toronto, Canada, for many years by immigrants from Friuli. A notable example is the bilingual poem collection, From Friuli: Poems in Friulan, with English Translations, (2015) by Rina Del Nin Cralli and edited by Joseph Pivato. Rina is originally from Codroipo and said she was inspired to write poetry in Friulan by the books, Un Friul vivut in Canada (1977) by Ermanno Bulfon and A Furlan Harvest: An Anthology (1993) edited by Dore Michelut, an Italian-Canadian poet.
Friulian Author Prize Winner, 2020
Originally posted 2019-11-05 22:03:49.